New working paper: Crisis responders: comparing policy approaches of the EU, the UN, NATO and OSCE with experiences in the field

Steven Blockmans, Loes Debuysere

The EU aims at being a prominent global crisis responder but its member states act also through the UN, NATO, OSCE to achieve both short-term stabilisation by military and/ or civilian means, as well as longer term conflict prevention and transformation. By comparing the policy approaches of these four multilateral organisations to conflicts and crises, this article shows how the broad principle of comprehensiveness has been developed to fit different institutional logics, thus leading to divergences in outreach. Distilling findings from empirical research conducted in Afghanistan, Iraq, Kosovo, Libya, Mali and Ukraine in the framework of the Horizon 2020 ‘EUNPACK’ project, this article synthesises lessons about varying levels of the EU’s conflict sensitivity, effective multilateralism, value-based approach and application of the principle of local ownership in theatre.